Achim D. Schmillen’s publications


Academic publications

Publications in peer reviewed journals

“Effects of Mass Layoffs on Local Employment: Evidence from Geo-Referenced Data” (joint with Philipp vom Berge; Journal of Economic Geography, forthcoming)

“The Aggregate Gains of Eliminating Gender and Ethnic Gaps in the Malaysian Labor Market” (joint with David Cuberes and Marc Teignier; Journal of Asian Economies, forthcoming)

“From Farms to Factories and Firms: Structural Transformation and Labor Productivity Growth in Malaysia” (joint with Amanina Abdur Rahman; Asian Economic Papers, forthcoming)

“The Determinants of China’s Minimum Wage Rates” (joint with Michael Stops and Dewen Wang; China & World Economy; forthcoming)

“Fringe Benefits, Self-Selection, and the Public/Private Compensation Differential” (Journal of Development Studies, 2022, Vol. 58: 1140-1159)

“The Vulnerability of Jobs to Mobility Restrictions: Malaysia’s Experience during the COVID-19 Pandemic” (joint with Amanina Abdur Rahman and Alyssa Farha Jasmin; Journal of Southeast Asian Economies, Vol. 39, 2022)

“Two-Tier Earnings Structures and Labor Market Reform” (Applied Economics Letter, 2022, Vol. 29: 993:1000)

“Vocational Education, Occupational Choice and Unemployment over the Professional Career” (Empirical Economics, 2019, Vol. 57: 805-838)

“The Scars of Youth: Effects of Early-Career Unemployment on Future Unemployment Experience” (joint with Matthias Umkehrer; International Labour Review, 2018, Vol. 156, No. 3–4: 465–494)

“Sometimes, Winners Lose: Economic Disparity and Indigenization in Kazakhstan” (joint with Ira N. Gang; Journal of Comparative Economics, 2017, Vol. 45, No. 3: 605–621)

“Improving Learning Outcomes in South Asia: Findings from a Decade of Impact Evaluations” (joint with Salman Asim, Robert S. Chase and Amit Dar; World Bank Research Observer, 2017, Vol. 21, No. 1: 75–106)

“The Exporter Wage Premium Reconsidered: Distances, Destinations and Linked Employer-Employee Data” (Review of Development Economics, 2016, Vol. 20, No. 2: 531–546)

“Showing Off to the New Neighbors? Income, Socioeconomic Status and Consumption Patterns of Internal Migrants” (joint with Alexander M. Danzer, Barbara Dietz and Kseniia Gatskova; Journal of Comparative Economics, 2014, Vol. 42, No. 1: 230–245)

“Are Wages Equal across Sectors of Production? A Panel Data Analysis for Tradable and Non-Tradable Goods” (The Economics of Transition, 2013, Vol. 21, No. 4: 655–682)

“The Penn Effect and Transition: The New EU Member States in International Perspective” (joint with Richard Frensch; Comparative Economic Studies, 2013, Vol. 55, No. 1: 99–119)

“Distribution and Determinants of Lifetime Unemployment” (joint with Joachim Möller; Labour Economics, 2012, Vol. 19, No. 1: 33–47)

“Can We Identify Balassa-Samuelson Effects with Measures of Product Variety?” (joint with Richard Frensch; Economic Systems, 2011, Vol. 35, No. 1: 98–108)



“Balancing Worker Protection and Labor Market Flexibility in China” (also published in Chinese; jointly edited with Dewen Wang; The World Bank Group, 2021)


Working papers and chapters in edited volumes

“The Coal Transition: Mitigating Social and Labor Impacts” (joint with Wendy Cunningham; World Bank Social Protection and Jobs Discussion Paper No. 21-05, 2021)

“Vietnam's Labor Market Institutions, Regulations, and Interventions: Helping People Grasp Work Opportunities in a Risky World” (joint with Truman C. Packard; World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7587, 2016)

“Mobiliteit tussen beroepen in Duitsland: Een netwerkanalyse” (in Dutch; joint with Per Kropp; in: Over bruggen, gaten en witte paters. Sociaal kapitaal in sociologisch onderzoek. Liber Amicorum voor Henk Flap, Beate Volker (Ed.), Rozenberg Publishers, 2012)

“Migration and Remittances in Kazakhstan: First Evidence from a Household Survey” (joint with Barbara Dietz and Kseniia Gatskova; OEI Working Paper No. 304, 2011)


Policy papers and World Bank publications

Global / Regional      

“Causes and Impacts of Job Displacements and Public Policy Responses” (lead author)

“From Jobs Crisis to Jobs Recovery: A Practical Guide to the Jobs Response to COVID-19 in East Asia and the Pacific” (lead author)

“Social Safety Nets in Middle-Income Countries and High-Income Countries: Objectives, Financing, Integration and Performance” (lead author)

“Income Inequality and Labor Market Regulations: A Comparative Analysis” (lead author)

“Managing Coal Mine Closure: Achieving a Just Transition for All” (co-author)

“The Future of Work: Race with – not against – the Machine” (also in Spanish; co-author)

“Migrating to Opportunity: Overcoming Barriers to Labor Mobility in Southeast Asia” (co-author)



“Bhutan’s Labor Market: Toward Gainful Quality Employment for All” (lead author)

“Evidence and Data Gaps on Bhutan's Labor Market” (lead author)

“Identifying the Poor in Bhutan: An Illustrative Example of Proxy Means Test as a Means for Poverty Targeting” (co-author)

“Hydropower Impact and Public Finance Reform towards Economic Self Reliance” (contributor)



“Can Minimum Wages Reduce Poverty? Evidence from Urban China” (co-author)

“Heating Subsidy Reform in Urumqi: Options and Recommendations” (co-author)



Verfestigung von früher Arbeitslosigkeit: Einmal arbeitslos, immer wieder arbeitslos?” (in German; co-author)

“Lebensverdienste nach Qualifikation: Bildung lohnt sich ein Leben lang” (in German; co-author)

“Berufliche Mobilität in Deutschland: Eine Untersuchung mit Hilfe der Netzwerkanalyse“ (in German; co-author)

“Verteilung von Arbeitslosigkeit im Erwerbsleben: Hohe Konzentration auf wenige – steigendes Risiko für alle“ (in German; co-author)



“A Silver Lining: Productive and Inclusive Aging for Malaysia” (lead author)

“Policy Options to Support Foreign Workers in Malaysia during the COVID-19 Pandemic” (lead author)

“Mitigating the Impact of COVID-19 on the Bottom 40 Percent in Malaysia” (lead author)

“Breaking Barriers: Toward Better Economic Opportunities for Women in Malaysia” (lead author)

“Management Practices in Malaysia: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly” (lead author)

“Surviving the Storm: Malaysia Economic Monitor #22” (lead author of special topic)

“Aiming High: Navigating the Next Stage of Malaysia’s Development” (co-author)

“The Elderly Care Response to COVID-19: Review and Implications for Malaysia” (co-author)

“Expanding Old-Age Income Protection to Informal Workers” (co-author)

“Monitoring Occupational Shortages: Lessons from Malaysia’s Critical Occupations List” (co-author)

“Realizing Human Potential: Malaysia Economic Monitor #19” (co-author of special topic)



“Perceptions of Precariousness: A Qualitative Study of Constraints Underlying Gender Disparities in Mongolia's Labor Market” (lead author)

“Options for Immediate Fiscal Adjustment” (contributor)

“Progress in Reducing Poverty and Boosting Shared Prosperity” (contributor)

“Economic and Social Priorities for Sustainable and Inclusive Growth” (contributor)


Indonesia / Philippines / Vietnam

“Trade Liberalization and Labor Mobility in the ASEAN Region – Simulation Results for Indonesia” (co-author)

“Investing in Skills to Promote Inclusive Growth in Mindanao” (co-author)

“Vietnam 2035 – Toward Prosperity, Creativity, Equity, and Democracy” (also in Vietnamese; contributor)


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